How Should We Address International Intervention?
Part of the Syrian population hoped that Bashar al-Asad would put an end to the authoritarian regime of Syria; however, by 2005 it was clear that he was trying to maintain the Ba’ath regime alive, for it have seemed to meet a dead end in the 1990s.
At the time of the death of Hafiz al-Asad and the installation of Bashar al-Asad, the birth of the movement “Damascus Spring” happened. “Damascus Spring” is a movement directed by various Syrian intellectuals opposed to the reign of the Ba’ath party and the Assad government. The movement is noted to propose anti-authoritarian suggestions to eliminate the tensions created by the state’s government for the people.
In 2011, the “Damascus Spring” movement reached its peak by pursuing a greater opposition stance against the Ba’ath regime. Various uprisings and protests begin to happen in Syria; however, these protests were violently shut down by Bashar al-Asad in a similar manner to the way in which Hafiz al-Asad suppressed the Islamic uprisings three decades prior these protests. By November 2012, Syria reached a state of Civil War.
As of mid-2013, the United Nations, as well as members of NATO, have set into discussion the idea of intervention to stop the conflict; however, this has split various nations in the debate. For instance: the governments of the U.S. and France have stated the idea of intervening in support of the opposition to the Ba’ath regime. Whereas countries like Russia and China have suggested not interfering and have attempted to persuade the Syrian government to cease the violence in the country.
Currently, Syria reflects a state similar to that of Spain during the Spanish Civil War, for Syria is currently a battle field for various groups of people and nation which include: The Free Syria Army, Syrian Armed Forces, Syrian Islamic Liberation Front, as well as the current consideration of interference by Western Countries which account for another possible factor to the conflict.
However, for both supporters of international interference, as well as the opposition, there is still dispute of how this conflict should be addressed internationally. Supporters claim that the extent of violence in Syria is unacceptable, and it is claimed that Syrians feel abandoned by the West. Whereas, the opposition claims that by taking action, more Syrian lives will be put at risk, and the conflict of the Syrian Civil War can result into a conflict more violent like the Yugoslavian genocide.
There are several factors to be taken into consideration as the Western nations decide where they stand, for these could impact the future development of an either stable or unstable Syria. For instance: Syria is very ethnically and culturally diverse state, and thus, Syrians identify themselves individualistic ways due to their sense of nationalism. In previous cases in history; for example: the Yugoslavian separation and genocide was a consequence of the political collapse of the government which managed to hold their multicultural state together. Before and after the passing of Josip Broz Tito, struggles by ultranationalist groups began to surface the state; however, once the government that balanced the nationalist groups was gone, violence broke apart Yugoslavia. Therefore, it appears to be that Syria is in a fragile predicament.
However, the actions committed by the Ba’ath party and the Assad government break international law and human rights, thus conflicting with the ideals of our globalized world. And as a response, members of the United Nations and NATO have put into consideration to intervene to some degree. Most recently, the controversial aspect of the use of chemical weapons has added another degree of concern for both Syrian Rebels and Citizens, as well as the supporters of intervention. Therefore, each moment without any intervention leads to further deaths and casualties in Syria.
As a consequence of the factors from each perspective, the world remains divided on how to address the matter. And each action taken appears to lead to some sort of further casualties that need to be accounted for. Currently, U.N. negotiations have been done with Syrian President Bashar al-Asad in regards to the use of chemical weapons in the civil war; however, there are still plenty of unresolved situations in the politics of Syria, whereas in terms of military conflict, it appears to near some sort of resolution. In such direction, the Syrian Civil War could be lead to gain a military stability for each side to combat; however, the political unrest remains.