Francois Hollande, the President of France has called upon a gathering of different states to assess how to respond to the current happenings. The meeting in Paris brought the support of about twenty-five countries, as well as the support of representatives of the United Nations, the European Union, and the Arab League. This has resulted on air strikes as the only action they are taking against ISIS But, support comes in different ways:
Countries Providing Air Support and Military Equipment: US, Canada, Iraq (authorized France to use its air space and welcomed coalition support in battling ISIS), Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Czech Republic, Albania, Netherlands, Estonia, Hungary, Turkey, Lebanon.
Allies Providing Humanitarian Aid: Sweden, Kuwait, Switzerland, Japan, Austria, New Zealand, South Korea, Ireland, Spain, Slovakia, Norway, Luxembourg, Qatar.
Allies Who Have Expressed Support: Bulgaria, Egypt, Finland, Georgia, Greece, Israel, Kosovo, Oman, Poland, Croatia, Romania, Singapore, Taiwan.
The following states have been claimed to be part of the coalition by US State Department: Andorra, Bosnia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Tunisia and Ukraine.
Non-nation supporters: The Arab League and the European Union.
With this massive amount of support and involvement, this brings about the next question: How are people in Syria and Iraq responding to this?
As already addressed, Iraq has authorized France to use its air space, thus it appear that it is one of the prime interests to take out ISIS Meanwhile, one of nations that lives within the state of Iraq, the Kurdish nation has responded in support of Canada’s involvement in Iraq. The article “[Kurdish] locals expressed immense gratitude Friday after it was confirmed that Canada was going to send six RCAF fighter-bombers to join the international air campaign against the jihadists.” (Source: The National Post) So, far the Kurdish population has had to give up a lot of territory to the massacres of the ISIS, both Iraq and Syria are been affected by these attacks. An example of this would be the town of Kobani, Syria. “The main Kurdish armed group in Syria called on its kinsmen across the region to help it stop a massacre in the Syrian town of Kobani as Islamic State militants armed with tanks edged closer on its outskirts and pummel it with artillery fire.” (Source: The Huffington Post) And with these attacks, the ISIS fighters come closer to Turkish borders.
So, where do these attacks leave ISIS?
The current UN report states that ISIS has committed “killings of civilians, abductions, rape and other forms of sexual and physical violence perpetrated against women and children, forced recruitment of children…” (Source: CBC) all of which are systematic war crimes that must be prosecuted.
ISIS’s attacks in Syria have brought it closer to the Turkish border which has stirred up Turkey into responding. The Turkish parliament has authorized military involvement in the conflict as it allows the use of its bases for other states involved in the effort.
Along with that there is the formation of anti-ISIS international responses by many different states contributing in whatever way they can.
Of course, there is a certain perspective I am yet to address: the counter-response. While the West mobilizes into the Middle East, Russia has condemned the particular actions of the US and France. However, Vladimir Putin’s own response has been also condemned by other states. Russia’s position has moved on into considerations of joining the coalition to fight ISIS, one of the particular reasons about this is that Russia has been considered to be one of the next targets of ISIS. Like Russia, initially Iran criticized Turkey’s response to ISIS Despite these criticisms, Iran is still willing to contribute the anti-ISIS
However, with all of this said, I shall end my article here, for I’ve tried to address the different responses that the world has had with ISIS growing and expanding. There can only be new developments on the issue from which I will address at some point; however, with that being said, I am not going to be talking about this issue for a few editions of the Bolt, for this is not the only world politics event that is going on and I wish to look at other events. I shall return to this at some point, but now I shall return to a point of observation of whatever new developments occur.