Considering the state of the Middle East, it is speculated that having a nuclear-armed Iran present could lead to further violence in the region due to its constant military conflicts. Therefore, a nuclear-free Iran is associated with a stable Middle East. However, another main conflict underlying the politics of the Middle East is Israel’s distrust of Iran and possibility of it keeping its nuclear program. Israel has various reasons to be unsettled by this possibility, for the state has been constantly threatened by Iran claims to pursue military action.
In the current discussions, diplomats have sat down and began to explore the perspectives of each side on how to address these conflicts. At this point, there is claims that the discussions have been successful so far at creating some understanding amongst the various powers. Nonetheless, one of the primary conclusions that the talks in Geneva, Switzerland have led to is the understanding of the differences between all perspectives which on the long run will help lead to an outcome in this issue.
But even in the discussions in Geneva, there is some disagreement amongst the west, primarily the French disagreeing with the U.S. on how the mattered should be addressed. The nature of this disagreement is attributed to America limiting its interactions with Iran after 1979, while in the meantime, Europe continued addressing these types of concerns with Iran. Therefore, the French stance claims that European powers actually have an idea of what they are dealing with as the U.S. attempts to direct the recent discussions with Iran, consequentially leading to some internal disagreement amongst the western powers. However, the U.S. persists to have an understanding of the issues at hand, and intends to have a leading role in the discussions to address Iran’s nuclear program.
Thus, the discussion going on describes a concern on the possibility of Iran developing nuclear weapons, and though there hasn’t been an official statement saying so, Iran is officially known to use its nuclear program for civilian use. However, there are various suggestions that convey suspicious activity in Iran that makes the possibility of Iran developing nuclear weapons more possible. For instance: the use of centrifuges and heavy water, Israel has stated these materials are clearly being used in Iran and they are not necessary for civilian practices, but instead used for the development of nuclear weapons. So, with the presence of evidence such as that, it is difficult to trust the Iranian claims of its actual intentions. Consequentially, this evidence is the basis of the worries of the western powers which are seeking to sanction or eliminate the Iranian nuclear program. However, even if the evidence were to suggest Iran’s actions correctly, there is an underlying internal conflict amongst the western states that makes the discussion difficult to maintain under control.
The key conflict to look upon in this particular scenario is: to what extent is an individual state’s development conflicting against other states’ security and development? For in this case study looked at more broadly, it comes down to the western powers attempting to decrease the developments made by Iran’s nuclear program whether it is actually working on developing nuclear weapons or not. And is it a rational demand to deprive a country from such technology? Nonetheless, there is the situational aspect to be taken into consideration, for the conflicts in the Middle East add another aspect to be looked upon in relation to this particular issue. It is widely expected that if Iran does have nuclear weapons this could lead the Middle East into a far more unstable position. Therefore, if this issue is looked in a situational perspective, it seems reasonable enough to suggest Iran to cease its nuclear program activity in order to ensure the security of surrounding states. However, the issue still remains in question: is it better to allow individual development of a state at the possible expense of others? Or is it better to shut down technological and economic development of a state to ensure the stability of a region?